Heuristic play is a kind of pedagogical approach to the psychomotor development of a child with the help of ordinary objects. Where did this type of game come from and who invented it? Why is it so important for the development of independence of children? Let’s figure it out.
Heuristic game – what is it, benefit for the child
The term “heuristic game” appeared thanks to the British educator Elinor Goldshimid . The method is an activity aimed at getting to know the surrounding objects. If you look closely at the game, you will notice a close resemblance to the work of Maria Montessori.
The word “heuristic” comes from the Greek eurisko and literally means “to find, discover”, it is believed that it became the progenitor of the famous “Eureka!”. Thus, the name speaks for itself – games are designed to surprise the child, which leads to a better memorization of the information received.
The organization is simple and does not require costs, all classes are designed for children aged 12-24 months. During the game, the natural desire to explore the world, activity, enrichment of vocabulary is stimulated. Fabric patches, bumps, ribbons, containers and other items are all that parents need.
Heuristic play – benefits for child development
The game contributes to the development of interest in the world around, trains the senses, improves concentration and speech. The study of each thing begins with touching, shaking, tasting, dividing into parts.
Such free manipulation allows you to gain experience that affects the senses and movements. The recommended duration is no more than 30 minutes, the allotted time allows you to maintain interest in the proposed subjects.
The essence of the heuristic game is a basket of treasures
To begin with, you will need several categories of commonly used items, among them can be curlers, clothespins, paper cylinders, covers, etc. It is desirable that they differ in shape, material, size and color.
Each group of items is folded into its own bag made of natural material. A basket for prepared treasures is a container without handles covered with cotton fabric.
The parent should always be nearby, while remaining unobtrusive. The whole essence of the game refers to the spontaneous, independent actions of the child. He examines the item and does whatever he wants with it, so it is important to think about the safety of the chosen item in advance.
At the end of the game, the child puts the items into bags without the help of an adult. This step reinforces the idea that cleaning is part of the fun, and a priceless habit is formed.
Vocabulary improves by listing the names of objects, imagination, the ability to classify and distinguish between shades also develops.
The heuristic game assumes the presence of a calm environment where there is no place for noise from the TV, vacuum cleaner or music. It is concentration that allows the baby to remain interested, autonomous and completely satisfied.